In this digital age, the appearances of hacking is no longer a surprise phenomenon. I have a question that has been on my mind: Are Hackers Good Or Bad? How to distinguish hacker and cracker? What does it actually do?
In my stereotyping impression, hackers have often portrayed a negative image, who use their computer skills to attack each other’s computing database system and inflict harm and commit the crime.
In fact, there are 3 types of hackers: black hat, white hat and grey hat. Black-hat hackers who attempts to gain unauthorized entry into a system or network to exploit them for malicious reasons; white hats are often referred to as ethical hackers, working with organizations to strengthen the security of a system; grey hats are exploit networks and computer systems in the way that black hats do, but do so without any malicious intent, disclosing all loopholes and vulnerabilities to law enforcement agencies or intelligence agencies.
Anonymous is a decentralized international activist/hacktivist collective/movement that is widely known for its various cyber attacks against several governments, government institutions and government agencies, corporations, and the Church of Scientology. The “hacktivist” collective has no face, and no leadership. Generally, they are activists, taking aim at those they accuse of misusing power.
Anonymous posted a video warning on News2Share to the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region on October 1 proclaiming the engagement of Operation Hong Kong, rebuking the government’s police use of extreme violence’s force during the protests. The association stated that they’ll support the protesters’ fight for democracy and declared the government that if the protesters are further harmed or injury that extremely severe, they would attack all web-based assets of the Hong Kong Government including but not limited to the taking down of government websites, seizing of government databases, and publishing the personal information on government officials. Anonymous stated that it is time for democracy for the people of Hong Kong and denounces the police for harming the citizens and alarms them instead to protect the citizens.
“It has come to our attention that recent tactics used against peaceful protesters here in the United States have found their way to Hong Kong,” a mechanical-sounding voice in the video says. “To the protesters in Hong Kong, we have heard your plea for help. Take heart and take to your streets. You are not alone in this fight. Anonymous members all over the world stand with you and will help in your fight for democracy.”
Although hackers often have a bad reputation, there are also good hackers out there, and we can’t forget their contribution to cybersecurity and society.
EC-Council, 2020. Types Of Hackers And What They Do: White, Black, And Grey | EC-Council Official Blog. [online] EC-Council Official Blog. Available at: <https://blog.eccouncil.org/types-of-hackers-and-what-they-do-white-black-and-grey/> [Accessed 31 October 2020].
Mercer, L., 2020. Hackers As Heroes: How Ethical Hacking Is Changing The Industry. [online] Infosecurity Magazine. Available at: <https://www.infosecurity-magazine.com/opinions/heroes-ethical-hacking/> [Accessed 31 October 2020].
Moyer, J., 2014. Report: Hacker Collective Anonymous Joins Hong Kong’S Occupy Central. [online] Washington post. Available at: <https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2014/10/02/report-anonymous-hacker-collective-joins-hong-kongs-occupy-central/> [Accessed 31 October 2020].