What is Internet of Things? Internet of Things (“IoT”) is a technology which enables the provision of communications platforms. It refers to the various methods by which tangible or intangible objects are connected in order to provide new services which the individual items could not provide. In short, the Internet of Things refers to an internet in which objects are connected together, or an internet composed of objects. (Samsung, 2019)
Internet of Things (“IoT”) can apply in different area likes healthcare
and wellness, smarthome and smart cities. For examples, in the aspect in healthcare and wellness, Apple Healthkit – when a user provides permission for the app to read and write health and activity data to their Health app, the app will collects the health-related data from users in real time and warns them of health issues and can deliver deeply informed health and fitness solutions.
Besides, smart city and Internet of Things (“IoT”), a smart city strives to solve different urban problems using advanced information and communication technology. For examples, smart street lights, real-time traffic and parking information also smart garbage bins etc.
In Hong Kong, there are 400 smart lampposts installed in different districts, smart lampposts are part of the government’s “smart city” initiative and come equipped with a range of technologies, including Wi-fi access, Bluetooth detectors, a radio frequency identification tag, meteorological and air quality sensors, as well as thermal detectors and up to two types of cameras. They can collect information about traffic conditions, pedestrian flows, illegal waste dumping and pollution levels.
However, technologies such as face recognition and radio frequency identification (RFID) have remind me the privacy and personal data issues. In Hong Kong, a government initiative for “smart lampposts” has prompted questions, with the issue becoming especially sensitive in the wake of the anti-government protests in the city and people fretting about systems that can be used for surveillance.
HKEJ and Ng, B., 2019. Will Smart Lampposts Compromise Our Privacy? An Expert View EJINSIGHT – Ejinsight.Com. [online] EJINSIGHT. Available at: <https://www.ejinsight.com/eji/article/id/2249754/20190913-will-smart-lampposts-compromise-our-privacy-an-expert-view> [Accessed 1 November 2020].
Samsung, 2019. What Is Internet Of Things (Iot)? (Hong-Kong Version) | Samsung Support HK_EN. [online] Samsung hk_en. Available at: <https://www.samsung.com/hk_en/support/home-appliances/what-is-internet-of-things-iot/> [Accessed 1 November 2020].
Telensa, 2020. Telensa’S Smart Streetlights To Launch In Hong Kong – Telensa. [online] Telensa. Available at: <https://www.telensa.com/news/telensas-smart-streetlights-to-launch-in-hong-kong/> [Accessed 1 November 2020].